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End-to-End Ethernet Service over Existing PDH/SDH Infrastructure
Ukraine has steadily modernized and expanded its domestic trunk infrastructure since gaining independence in December 1991. The number of telephone lines in the country, for example, rose from 12.1 million to 17.2 million between 2004 and 2005 alone, an impressive, if not amazing growth of approximately 42 percent in twelve months. During the past several years, moreover, Ukraine has connected five trunk lines to fiber optic cable to link the country to Europe on the west, Asia to the east and the Mediterranean to the south. But great expanses in Europe's second-largest country are not reached by any fiber optic infrastructure whatsoever.
Ukrtelecom, the state-owned telecommunications operator, was determined nonetheless to provide end-to-end Ethernet service throughout the country by taking advantage of their existing PDH/SDH infrastructure. To do so they selected a single-vendor access solution from RAD Data Communications.
By enabling Ethernet over existing PDH/SDH infrastructure, Ukrtelcom’s goal was to maximize operational expenses (Opex) by using simple Layer 2 solutions, reduce capital expenses (Capex) by avoiding investment in expensive next-generation SDH equipment and cut both Capex and Opex by deploying a single box solution at their central offices.
At the customer premises, therefore, Ukrtelcom deploys RAD’s RICi-8E1 Network Termination Units (NTUs). These devices, owned and operated by the carrier, transport Fast Ethernet LAN, Internet and voice-over-DSL traffic over up to eight bonded E1 lines to an SDH backbone. SDH backbones covering 26 regions around the country, in turn, converge on a central MPLS network. Multiple E1 lines are groomed together onto a single STM-1 link using RAD’s Optimux-1551 STM-1 high-capacity terminal multiplexer and then handed to RAD's Egate-100 channelized Ethernet gateway, which interconnects with Gigabit Ethernet traffic on the MPLS network. Together, these RAD products provide a full access solution from Ukrtelecom's central site all the way to each customer's premises.
To Transport Ethernet traffic end-to-end over PDH/SDH infrastructure when no IP network is available
- RICi-8E1 Network Termination Units
- Optimux-1551/1553 STM-1/OC-3 High Capacity Terminal Multiplexers
- Egate-100 Channelized Ethernet Gateway
"This is a very cost effective solution for a carrier seeking to extend its Ethernet customer base by linking up small cities that do not have fiber infrastructure."
Alexey Bobrov, S&T
"The project has made a substantial contribution towards expanding Ethernet service throughout the country."
Alexey Bobrov, S&T
“This is a very cost-effective solution for a carrier seeking to extend its Ethernet customer base by linking up small cities that do not have fiber infrastructure,” explains Alexey Bobrov, of SNT, the RAD Data Communications partner in Ukraine that served as the project’s system integrator. “The project has made a substantial contribution towards expanding Ethernet service throughout the country.”
- Single vendor solution
- Single management solution for all RAD units in the application
- Very competitive pricing
- Carrier-class solution providing full protection, including over tributaries – a feature unique to the market
The Egate-100 leverages widely available PDH/SDH/SONET networks to deliver carrier-class Ethernet Private Line (EPL) services at granular rates, from a fractional E1/T1 to bonded n x E1/T1 channels. The Egate-100 supports NG-PDH encapsulation and bonding standards, such as generic framing procedure (GFP), virtual concatenation (VCAT) and link capacity adjustment scheme (LCAS).
The Egate-100 Gigabit Ethernet over TDM gateway is typically deployed in a central location to aggregate Ethernet user traffic received from a large number of remote units, such as RAD’s RICi Ethernet demarcation devices, providing a complete access solution from the service provider’s central site to the customer premises.
The Optimux-1551 combines the high capacity associated with SDH/SONET add/drop multiplexers (ADMs) with the simplicity and low cost of a terminal multiplexer to significantly reduce OpEx and CapEx. Extending point-to-point services over coax or fiber to remote locations, the Optimux allows service providers to increase their customer reach, while avoiding the cost and complexity associated with deploying high-end ADMs. Furthermore, the Optimux-1551 eliminates the need for deploying PDH multiplexers at customer sites by consolidating traffic at the edge of the SDH/SONET network. This enables service providers to save the cost of fiber deployment and multiple ports on the ADM.
Employing various standard bonding technologies to create a scalable, virtual channel from individual E1 or T1 circuits, these devices improve overall network availability by reducing latency and optimizing line utilization and throughput. RAD’s RICi NTUs support a large variety of applications, including transparent inter-LAN connectivity, direct internet access and Ethernet Private Line, as well as IP DSLAM and WiMAX base station backhaul. The devices are deployed in point-to-point or hub-and-spoke topologies, providing a cost-effective, high performance solution for mid-band and Fast Ethernet services over legacy PDH/SDH/SONET backbones.